Irregular Periods:

Women approaching menopause normally start to experience irregular periods. However, the symptoms of irregular periods can vary from woman to woman. Almost all women will experience irregular periods for three to ten years before periods stop completely.
Research indicate that an average of only 10% of women reach menopause without any irregular periods. Menopause occurs only after periods had stopped completely for more than a year.
The decline of hormones, especially estrogen, is the actual cause for irregular periods, because the menstrual cycle is entirely dependent upon hormones.

About Irregular Periods
What is a normal period? Normal periods are typically described as having an interval of 25 to 31 days from period start to period start, with bleeding lasting approximately 5 to 7 days. The average amount of blood loss during a normal period is 2 to 8 tablespoons.
However, many women experience menstruation totally different, regarding duration, symptoms, amount of blood loss, etc. Thus, their experience of irregular periods might differ completely from the usual symptoms.
Irregular periods, then, are alterations in a woman´s typical menstrual cycle that persist for several months. Irregular periods are those characterized by abnormal bleeding and/or unusual cycle lengths.

Causes of Irregular Periods
When hormone production starts to decline, periods can start to be irregular. Normally a women has about 500 menstrual cycles throughout her lifetime, between the time of her first period at about age 12 to her last period before menopause start.

Symptoms of irregular periods:

  • Infrequent periods
  • Missed Periods
  • Painful cramping
  • Abnormal duration of bleeding
  • Changes in blood flow
  • Blood clots

Role of Hormones during Menstrual Cycle:
While menstruation is orchestrated by many hormones, progesterone and estrogen are the primary hormones responsible for periods.

Estrogen:

Estrogen causes the uterine lining to thicken before ovulation. As estrogen levels start to decline, the lining gets thinner and therefore can cause excessive bleeding. Progesterone: Progesterone on the other hand causes uterine contents to be shed after ovulation, if no fertilization has occurred. Progesterone is also responsible for controlling the intensity and duration of menstrual bleeding. When levels decline, it can lead to irregular periods. Before these hormones decrease to a constant low level, estrogen and progesterone will often fluctuate wildly and cause irregular periods.
Other Causes of Irregular Periods
Although hormonal imbalance is the primary causes of irregular periods during menopause, there are some health conditions and lifestyle triggers that can causes irregular periods, like…

Treatment for irregular periods:

The best treatment for Menopausal Symptoms is: