Diabetes – whether type 1 or type 2 – affects the heart primarily via atherosclerosis, which leads to coronary heart disease. Atherosclerosis is a disease of the blood vessels that begins with damage to the interior artery wall. This damage can be caused by a number of factors, including smoking, high blood pressure and high blood levels of sugar, cholesterol and fats.
As the body works to repair the damage, plaques form inside the arteries. These plaques disrupt the healthy flow of blood and are prone to rupture, contributing to the formation of blood clots.
Diabetes Accelerates Atherosclerosis
People with diabetes are at especially high risk for atherosclerosis and, in the presence of diabetes, it is typically more severe and rapidly progressive. Chronic high blood sugar is a major contributor to atherosclerosis. High blood pressure and elevated cholesterol and triglycerides, which often accompany diabetes, add to the risk.
Insulin resistance and the increased likelihood of blood clots in diabetes further fuel the atherosclerotic process. According to the American Heart Association, people with diabetes have a 2- to 4-times higher risk of death from heart disease than people without diabetes.
Heart Attacks and Heart Failure
Atherosclerosis leads to coronary heart disease, which commonly results in a heart attack and a weakened heart muscle, known as heart failure. A heart attack occurs when a blockage in an artery obstructs blood flow to the heart.
Heart failure refers to diminished pumping capacity of the heart to the extent that it is no longer able to deliver enough blood to meet the body’s needs. Diabetes doubles the risk for heart failure, according to a May 2008 article in the “Journal of the American College of Cardiology.”
Control Blood Glucose Levels to reduce Risk of Heart Failure
Regular exercise, a low GI Diet (Manna Diet) and a natural dietary supplement, like the Manna Blood Sugar Support supplement can help to control blood glucose levels and also help to reduce high blood pressure, helping to reduce your risk of heart failure the natural way without any side effects.