The Effects of Insulin Resistance
Unfortunately, insulin resistance doesn’t usually have any noticeable symptoms. You could be insulin resistant for years and not know it, especially if you don’t have your blood glucose levels checked.
Some people with insulin resistance may develop a condition known as acanthosis nigricans. It is characterized by dark patches on the back of the neck, groin, and armpits. Having acanthosis nigricans is a sign of insulin resistance, which puts you at a higher risk for Type 2 diabetes. There is no cure for acanthosis nigricans, but if you treat the causes, some natural skin color may return.
Insulin resistance may damage to your blood vessels without you realizing it, which can increase your risk of heart disease and stroke.
You are at significant risk for progressing to diabetes if you have insulin resistance. Just like insulin resistance, people with Type 2 diabetes may not feel any symptoms, especially in the early stages of the disease.
Classic diabetes symptoms include extreme thirst and frequent urination. You may eat normally, or even more than you should, and still feel hungry if you have diabetes. Having Type 2 diabetes can also lead to nerve problems that result in tingling sensations in the hands and feet. You may also feel more tired than usual if you have diabetes that isn’t well controlled.
Insulin resistance facts
- Insulin resistance is a condition in which the cells of the body become resistant to the hormone insulin.
- Insulin resistance may be part of the metabolic syndrome, and it has been associated with higher risk of developing heart disease.
- Insulin resistance precedes the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D).
- Insulin resistance is associated with other medical conditions, including fatty liver, arteriosclerosis, acanthosis nigricans, skin tags, and reproductive abnormalities in women.
- Individuals are more likely to have insulin resistance if they have any of several associated medical conditions.
- While there are genetic risk factors, insulin resistance can be managed with diet, exercise, and proper medication.
What causes insulin resistance?
There are several causes for insulin resistance, and genetic factors (inherited component) are usually significant. Some medications can contribute to insulin resistance. In addition, insulin resistance is often seen with the following conditions:
The metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions involving excess weight (particularly around the waist), high blood pressure, and elevated levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
- Infection or severe illness
- Inactivity and excess weight
- During steroid use
How is insulin resistance diagnosed?
A health care professional can identify individuals likely to have insulin resistance by taking a detailed history, performing a physical examination, and simple laboratory testing based on individual risk factors.
In general practice, the fasting blood glucose and insulin levels are usually adequate to determine whether insulin resistance and/or diabetes are present. The exact insulin level for diagnosis varies by assay (by laboratory). However, a fasting insulin level above the upper quartile in a non-diabetic patient is considered abnormal.
Preventing Insulin Resistance Problems
If you exercise daily and eat a balanced diet to help keep your weight in a healthy range, you may be able to prevent diabetes. There are no guarantees, of course. But losing weight and keeping your weight down give you the best odds of maintaining normal insulin and cell function and keeping your blood glucose levels in the desired range. Staying active is important as well.
It’s important to remember that a diagnosis of insulin resistance or pre-diabetes is a warning. These early conditions can often be reversed with healthy lifestyle choices, and you can keep from developing Type 2 diabetes. This is crucial, because the complications from diabetes not only include heart disease, but kidney, eye, and nervous system problems, too.
Insulin resistance might sneak up on you, but you may be able to come out on top if you eat right and are physically active throughout the week.
Control Blood Sugar Levels to get you insulin levels as low as possible. By taking the Manna Blood Sugar Support supplement with food, it can assist in the lowering of insulin levels to prevent diabetes or diabetes complications.