Testing your blood glucose level will let you know how controlled your blood sugars are and if you need to take action to change your treatment plan. How often and when you test will be based on how controlled your diabetes is, the type of therapy used to control your diabetes, and whether you are experiencing symptoms of fluctuating sugars.
Some common testing times may be when waking up, before and after meals and exercise, and at bedtime.
Long-Term Damage: Arteries
Over time, untreated type 2 diabetes can damage many of the body’s systems. About two out of three people with diabetes die of heart disease. Having diabetes also puts you at a two to four times higher risk for a stroke.
People with diabetes are likely to develop plaque in their arteries, reducing blood flow and increasing risk of clots. This hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) raises the risk of a heart attack or a stroke.
Long-Term Damage: Kidneys
The longer you have diabetes, the greater the risk of developing chronic kidney disease. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44% of new cases in 2008. Controlling risk factors such as uncontrolled diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol reduces your risk of developing this complication.
Annual screening for kidney disease and medications, which slows the development and progression, are used to reduce your risk of kidney failure.
Long-Term Damage: Eyes
High blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to the retina, a critical part of the eye.
This is known as diabetic retinopathy, and it can cause progressive, irreversible vision loss. It is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in people between the ages of 20 and 74. Pools of blood, or hemorrhages, on the retina of an eye are visible in this image.
Long-Term Damage: Nerve Pain
Over time, uncontrolled diabetes and elevated blood sugars create a very real risk for nerve damage. Symptoms can include tingling, numbness, pain, and a pins and needles sensation – often in the fingers, hands, toes, or feet.
The damage is not reversible, but treatments can help with the pain and numbness. And controlling your diabetes can help prevent further damage.
Long-Term Damage: Feet
Diabetic nerve damage can make it difficult to feel your feet and detect injury. At the same time, hardening of the arteries results in poor blood flow to the feet.
Foot sores and gangrene can occur, even from a small injury. In severe cases, infections can go unchecked and result in amputation.
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
One of the most astonishing things about type 2 diabetes is that such a life-altering condition is often preventable. To lower your risk and manage type 2 diabetes can prevent above mentioned problems.
Follow the same guidelines for warding off heart disease:
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Exercise for 30 minutes, five days a week.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Talk to your doctor about being screened for pre-diabetes.
In people with pre-diabetes, lifestyle changes and medication can help prevent the progression to type 2 diabetes.
The easiest way to make changes towards a healthy lifestyle is to adopt the Manna Diet program, which can help you with balanced healthy meals to control blood sugar levels and also to give you some advice on exercise.
Take the Manna Blood Sugar Support supplement to help control blood sugar levels, suppress appetite and curb sugar cravings.
We also recommend that you read the section about GUT Health in the e-book.